Fire Alarm AcceptanceTesting - Part IV

Fire Alarm Acceptance Testing for Central Oregon - Part IV

Functional Testing of Initiating Devices


  • The following tests require the use of building floor plans showing all initiating devices, notification appliances, fire zones and control relays

  • Proper annunciation (labeling) must be verified for every initiating device

  • Using the input/output matrix, confirm that each activated initiating devise operates the correct notification appliances and any other controlled equipment

  • Record the results of the following tests on acceptable device documentation

  • Every initiating device on the system must be actuated

  • Manual Fire Alarm Boxes (Pull Stations)

- Confirm that each fire alarm box is unobstructed, readily accessible, located in the normal path of egress and that the installed height of each fire alarm box meets applicable requirement

- Activate each manual box by physically operating the device. Opening the fire alarm box with a key is not an acceptable test method


  • Spot Smoke Detectors

- Visually confirm proper application and location of every detector

- Document any misapplication

  • Should not be installed in dead air spaces, or in close proximity to air diffusers
  • Should not be installed on ceilings closer than 4 inches to a wall
  • Sidewall-mounted detectors should be installed between 4 inches and 12 inches from the ceiling
  • Should not be installed closer than 3 feet to an air diffuser or return-air opening
  • Should not be installed near ceiling fans
  • Should not be installed in kitchens, furnace rooms, incinerator rooms, above ashtrays in elevator lobbies or in location where “non-hostile: smoke can normally be expected

- Confirm that there is a smoke detector installed within 21 feet of the FACP, if the FACP area is not continuously occupied

- Activate every spot-type smoke detector with the SOLO test tool or other approved test device (Note: Using the magnetic switch on a detector is not an acceptable test method)

- If detector sensitivity testing is a project requirement, use the smoke detector sensitivity test tool

See NFPA 72 and/or detector white papers for other detector application guidelines


  • Duct Smoke Detectors

- Confirm proper application and location of every duct detector. (For additional information concerning detector placement, refer to NFPA 72)

- Initiate an alarm condition at each duct detector by introducing smoke into the detector (The use of the remote-test switch for an acceptance test is not acceptable. See installation instruction that come with the device for further details on methods for testing duct detectors)

Note: Duct detectors supplied by others, such as the mechanical contractor, are to be tested by the supplier


  • Rate-Of-Rise Heat Detectors

- Activate every rate-of-rise heat detector using the SOLO rate-of-rise test toold or other approved method (Care should be taken to avoid damaging or destroying detectors during testing)