Fire Alarm Acceptance Testing - Part VI

Fire Alarm Acceptance Testing for Central Oregon AHJ's - Part VI

Functional Testing of Indicating Appliances This testing is performed concurrently with the testing of initiating devices and requires a copy of the floor plans that show notification appliance locations.

  • Horns/Speakers and Strobes

- While visible appliances are quiescent (not activated), verify that the candela rating of each one is consistent with that shown on the floor plans

- Confirm that each appliance, audible and visible, operates during an alarm

- Adequate Sound Pressure Levels (SPL) should be observed throughout the protected area in accordance with NFPA 72 and the applicable code. As a minimum, representative sound pressure levels should be measured throughout the occupied space

 

Sound Measurement Recommendations

  • Measurements shall be taken with an ANSI S1.4a compliant Type 2 Sound Level Meter

  • The sound meter shall be set using the time-weighted characteristic F(FAST), and shall record the maximum sound output (Peak Hold) when the audible emergency evacuation signal is on

  • Representative measurements should be taken in the center of a subject room or occupied space, with the meter held at a height of approximately 4.5 feet (1.5m) and at least 1.5 feet (.5m) from any hard surface

  • If required, multiple measurements should be taken and the average SPL shall be recorded

  • In sleeping areas where a barrier such as a door is located between the notification appliance and the listener, the should pressure level shall be measured with the door closed or other barrier in place between the appliance and the listener

  • If in adequate or excessive SPL’s are observed, the technician should consult the installer and/or System Designer and recommend any corrective action or system adjustments

 

Voice Evacuation Systems

  • Verify that the speaker-tap settings are consistent with that shown on floor plans and design documents

  • Measure and record representative SPL’s throughout the occupied space as described above, and as otherwise required

  • Ensure that the prerecorded message is playing on the alarm floor the floor above and the floor below after tripping an initiating device, all levels must be verified for correct operations of evac message routing

  • Verify the operation by area for emergency paging, stairwells must be zoned separately than other areas. All areas must meet required SPL levels

  • Plug into and operate all fire-fighter phone jack locations verify that the call is received from the correct location

 

Elevator Recall

This test should be performed with the assistance of the elevator contractor.

  • Initiate an alarm on an elevator-recall detector on a floor other than the primary recall floor

- Confirm that the elevator returns to the primary recall floor

  • Initiate an alarm on an elevator-recall detector on the primary recall floor

- Confirm that the elevator returns to an alternate floor

  • Confirm that the operation of any other functions, such as shunt trip and/or elevator warning lights

 

Auxiliary Relays

This section can be used to check auxiliary operation or controls not included in any other section. Before performing this test, review the input/output matrix.

  • Initiate an alarm and verify that each auxiliary relay performs the required function

- Fan Shutdown – Verify that each unit shuts down in accordance with the input/output matrix

- Stairwell and/or atrium pressurization – Verify that fans run in accordance with the input/output matrix

- Damper Controls – Verify operation in accordance with the input/output matrix

- Access and/or egress controlled doors – Verify that all doors unlock in accordance with the input/output matrix

 

Smoke Door Release

This testing is done concurrently with the testinf of initiating devices and is best accomplished with a copy of the floor plans that show magnetic door holder locations.

  • Confirm that each magnetic door holder de-energizes during an alarm, documenting proper operation of each

  • Confirm that no obstruction, such as a carpet, prevents the door from closing and latching

  • Confirm that magnetic door holders are not powered when the primary AC system power fails (Unless part of the 24 volt system and included in battery calculations)

Fan Control and Fan Override Control System

These tests must be conducted with the HVAC contractor. Record the results of the following tests on acceptable documentation. Before starting this physical testing, review the input/output matrix and the programmer’s report.

  • With the FACP normal: 

- Place each FACP fan-control switch in the on position

  • Verify that the proper fan has begun to operate and that the associated fan funning indicator is illuminated
  • Verify that the local HOA (Hand-off-Auto) switch as the fan is overridden

- Place each FACP fan-control switch in the AUTO position

  • Verify that the appropriate fan is under control of temperature-control equipment and, if applicable, that the associated AUTO indicator next to the switches is illuminated
  • Verify that the local HOA switch at the fan is not overridden

- Place each FACP fan-control switch in the 9 OFF position

  • Verify that the proper fan stops and that the associated FAN STOPPED indicator next to the switch is illuminated
  • Verify that the local HOA switch at the fan is overridden

- With all fan-control switches in the AUTO position, reset the FACP

  • Verify that all fans restart in the appropriate sequence

Bypass Switches

  • Operate all bypass switches and verify that a trouble condition is activated at the FACP